1. Article 12.1 sentence 1 of the Basic Law guarantees the free choice of an occupation and also the free choice of the place of work. The free choice of an occupation relates to the decision of the individual as to the field in which he or she intends to exercise an occupation, and the choice of the place of work relates to the decision as to where he or she wishes to exercise the chosen occupation. The choice of a place of work is therefore subordinate to the choice of an occupation and puts it into concrete terms. Conversely, it has priority over the exercise of an occupation, which takes place only at the place of work that has been chosen. But this term may not be understood solely or even only in the first place in a spatial sense. On the contrary: choosing a place of work means deciding in favour of a concrete possibility of working or a specific employment relationship. The subject of the fundamental right to a free choice of the place of work is therefore in the first instance the decision of the individual to take up a concrete possibility of working in the chosen occupation. In the case of employees, this includes in particular choosing the party with whom the employee enters into a contract of employment, together with the necessary conditions, in particular access to the labour market. Just as the free choice of an occupation does not consist solely of the decision to take up an occupation, but also comprises continuing and terminating an occupation, the free choice of a place of work comprises not only the decision to take up a concrete occupation, but also the intention of the individual to continue in this place of work or to leave it. The protection given by the fundamental right, therefore, is protection against all government measures that restrict this freedom of choice. This is above all the case if the state hinders the individual from obtaining a place of work that is available, forces him or her to accept a particular place of work or requires him or her to give up a place of work. On the other hand, freedom of choice does not entail either a right to have a place of work of the individual's own choice made available or a guarantee that the place of work chosen will continue to be available. Similarly, the fundamental right does not give direct protection against the loss of a place of work on the basis of private arrangements. In this respect, the state merely has a duty of protection arising from Article 12.1 of the Basic Law, and the provisions on termination of employment in force take this sufficiently into consideration. Direct state intervention in existing employment relationships, however, must always be commensurate with the fundamental right to a free choice of the place of work.