c) ln view of the emotional and psychological strain to which a child can be exposed at a meeting with a parent who rejects it and who only attends the meeting under duress, one cannot, as a rule, start by assuming that contact under such circumstances is in the child’s best interests. To be sure, there are - as far as can be seen - no social science studies on the reactions and attitudes adopted in relation to his or her child by a parent compelled by coercive measures to have contact with the child or on the effects on the child of a forced meeting with a parent who refuses contact with it which one could use as a basis for assessing whether, and if so, under what circumstances contact of such kind could be in the child’s best interests in spite of the unfavourable conditions under which it takes place. The reason for this is presumably that until now only very few cases have occurred or have become known in which contact was brought about by means of coercive measures. For most of the contact disputes brought before the courts relate to cases in which contrary to the will of the other parent, one parent complains about his or her right of contact with the child. On the other hand, the reason might be that the course such meetings take and how they can affect a child’s psyche depend on the psychological state of the relevant persons at the time so that it is difficult to make generalizations on the basis of the results in an individual case. However, even if there are no valid scientific findings on the effects of enforced contact on a child to fall back on, it would seem evident that a parent who obviously does not want to have contact with his or her child and who does not allow a court order clarifying his or her duty to affect or change his or her hostile attitude towards the child will exhibit his or her unwillingness and hostility towards the child at a forced meeting. This is confirmed by the German Institute for Youth Research (Deutsches Jugendinstitut) which assumes on the basis of its findings that the hostile attitude of a parent is a prognosis factor for difficult or damaging contact for the child. For if the child’s own parent really does demonstrate his or her rejection, then this is likely to leave its mark on the child’s psyche; especially since the first meeting or a meeting that occurs after a longer period with its parent will be a particularly emotional event which will trigger feelings of fear and expectation in the child. If the child is not only disappointed, but in addition it feels that it is not accepted as a person, then it seems probable that the child will suffer emotional damage. Contact with its parent, during which such detriment to the child is likely, is not in the best interests of the child.