1. An interdenominational state school is characterised by the encounter of different religious convictions of the educational staff, pupils and parents, whose fundamental rights guarantees also include wearing clothing with religious connotations in everyday life. In regard to educational staff who exercise their individual freedom of faith at a school, defining the educational mandate of the state, which it must fulfil while promoting a benevolent neutrality towards various religious and ideological inclinations, requires an appropriate and considerate balancing of the constitutionally protected legal interests involved. The essential issues in this balancing must be decided on by the legislature. In accordance with the case-law of the Federal Constitutional Court until now, it could be assumed that the Basic Law allows for broad leeway to design of the Laender within the school system; accordingly, Art. 7 GG also concerns the substantial autonomy of the Laender and, under their educational sovereignty, the generally free organisation of compulsory education, including with regard to the ideological and religious characteristics of the state schools (thus most recently, BVerfGE 108, 282 <302, 310 et seq. >; see also BVerfGE 41, 29 <44-45>; 52, 223 <242-243>). According to the Second Senate’s judgment of 24 September 2003 (BVerfGE 108, 282), this broad leeway to design with regard to the school system, as hitherto accorded to the Laender, includes, in formulating the educational mandate, the possibility of attributing a stricter and more distancing meaning than before to the state’s neutrality in the school environment, and accordingly also the possibility of generally keeping pupils away from the religious references evoked by the outer appearance of a member of the educational staff, so as to avoid conflicts with pupils, parents or other members of the educational staff right from the start (cf. BVerfGE 108, 282 <310>). Accordingly, it is first of all a matter for the Land legislature to decide how to reach a considerate balance in defining the educational mandate within the multipolar fundamental rights situation at school. In doing so, it may broadly permit religious references at interdenominational schools (cf. BVerfGE 52, 223 – School Prayer); but – apart from the guarantee of religious instruction (Art. 7 sec. 3 GG) – it may also largely keep them out of schools. If the Land legislature decides – for example in view of rising cultural and religious diversity – to restrict the permissible scope of religious references at interdenominational schools, then – particularly with respect to the educational staff’s conduct – the legislature is free to act even preventively against possible influences on the pupils, so as to avert from the very start any conflicts, which are not unlikely to arise, between educational staff and pupils, as well as their parents, and also within the student body (cf. BVerfGE 108, 282 <307, 309, 310>).