Organization - The Task

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The Task

The Federal Constitutional Court's task is to ensure that all institutions of the state obey the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany (Basic Law). Since its foundation in 1951, the Court has helped to secure respect and effectiveness for the free democratic basic order. This applies particularly to the application of the fundamental rights.

All government bodies are obliged to comply with the Basic Law. Should any conflict arise here, the jurisdiction of the Federal Constitutional Court may be invoked. Its decision is final. All other institutions of government are bound by its case law.

The work of the Federal Constitutional Court also has political effect. This becomes particularly clear when the Court declares a law unconstitutional. But the Court is not a political body. Its sole review standard is the Basic Law. Questions of political expediency are not allowed to play any part as far as the Court is concerned. It merely determines the constitutional framework for political decision-making. The delimitation of State power is a feature of the rule of law.