Close family ties occur not only in the relationship between children who are still growing up and their parents, but may also exist among the members of an extended and multi-generational family. Particular affection and closeness, mutual familial responsibility, thoughtfulness and willingness to support each other may particularly exist in the relationship between grandchildren and grandparents, but also between close relatives in the lateral line. If close relatives are connected by strong ties that are characterised by family solidarity and attachment, those ties are protected by Art. 6 sec. 1 GG (cf. Jarass, in: Jarass/Pieroth, Grundgesetz , 12th ed. 2012, Art. 6 para. 10; Kingreen, in: Jura 1997, p. 401 <402>; Pirson, in: Bonner Kommentar , vol. 2, Art. 6 sec. 1, para. 21 <August 1976>; Robbers, in: v. Mangoldt/Klein/Starck, Grundgesetz , vol. 1, 6th ed. 2010, Art. 6 sec. 1, para. 88 with further references; Uhle, in: Epping/Hillgruber, Grundgesetz , 2nd ed. 2013, Art. 6 para. 14; in the same vein ECHR, judgment of 13 June 1979 - Marckx - Neue Juristische Wochenschrift – NJW – 1979, p. 2449, para. 45 on the protection of “family life” within the meaning of Art. 8 ECHR. Different: Burgi, in: Friauf/Höfling, Grundgesetz , vol. 1, Art. 6 para. 20 <April 2002>; von Coelln, in: Sachs, Grundgesetz , 6th ed. 2011, Art. 6 para. 17. To the extent that this could lead to different conclusions, the Senate does not maintain its decision of 31 May 1978 <BVerfGE 48, 327 >.). There is nothing to suggest that Art. 6 sec. 1 GG was intended to exempt the relationship between grandparents and grandchildren from the protection of family. To the contrary, the wording of Art. 6 sec. 3 GG, which explicitly safeguards against separating a child from its “family”, points to the fact that the legislature that passed the Constitution considered a family to comprise more than just the community of children and parents. Lesser degrees of kinship among the family members will be taken into account when determining the level of protection and the content of Art. 6 sec. 1 GG (cf. Robbers, loc. cit., para. 89; Uhle, loc. cit., para. 14; Brosius-Gersdorf, in: Dreier, Grundgesetz , 3rd ed. 2013, Art. 6 para. 112).