After the end of the Second World War, ritual slaughter was, in most cases, tacitly tolerated […] (cf. Andelshauser, Schlachten im Einklang mit der Scharia , 1996, pp. 140-141). However, the first regulation with Germany-wide validity on slaughter that, for religious motives, is performed without stunning the animal, was only introduced when the Tierschutzgesetz (hereinafter: TierSchG, Animal Protection Act) was amended by provisions on slaughter. Since the entry into force of the first amending law of the Animal Protection Act, dated 12th August, 1986 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1309; the latest amendments of the Act were promulgated on 25th May 1998, cf. Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1105 […]), § 4a of the Animal Protection Act contains, in paragraph 1, a general ban on the slaughter of warm-blooded animals without previously stunning them. § 4a.2, number 2, however, provides the possibility of granting exceptional permissions for religious reasons. In the legislative procedure, the regulation contained in the second part of § 4a.2, number 2, of the Animal Protection Act was seen in the context of Jewish as well as of Islamic dietary laws (cf. Bundestagsdrucksache [BT-Drucks, Records of the Bundestag ] 10/5259, p. 38).